CAN AUGMENTED REALITY ACCELERATE TARGETED MEDICATION SAFETY TRAINING: A SIMULATION EXEMPLAR

John O'Donnell RN CRNA MSN DRPH Department of Nurse Anesthesia School of Nursing University of Pittsburgh 3500 Victoria Street, Victoria Building, Pittsburgh PA 15261 Doug Nelson PhD Department of Nurse Anesthesia School of Nursing University of Pittsburgh 3500 Victoria Street, Victoria Building, Pittsburgh PA 15261 Sarah Miccolis BSN Student School of Nursing University of Pittsburgh 3500 Victoria Street, Victoria Building, Pittsburgh PA 15261

BodyExplorer™ is an augmented reality patient simulator in development at the University of Pittsburgh.  This study will gather information regarding the most common medication administration errors related to nurse anesthesia student clinical practice so that an evidence-based medication administration learning module can be integrated into BodyExplorer™ curriculum. Methods will include gathering data regarding the most common medication administration errors from anesthesia literature review, nurse anesthesia student survey, and an analysis of the last 5 years of data from the Nurse Anesthesia Program clinical event reporting system. Data will be analyzed using Microsoft Excel and IBM SPSS. Both the prospective and retrospective data will be used to develop medication administration learning modules for BodyExplorer™. The modules will then be pilot tested by students, and feedback regarding realism, effectiveness, and performance will be collected. According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report “Preventing Medical Errors” (2006) at least 1.5 million preventable medication errors occur every year in the US alone. The IOM estimates annual post medication error treatment costs to be $3.5 billion. The IOM recommends research targeted at error reduction across all care settings. Since the 1990 IOM Report, “To Err is Human” the field of anesthesia (Anesthesiology and Nurse Anesthesia) has been identified as an exemplar of safe care demonstrating exponential improvements in safety with consequent decreases in morbidity and mortality. Despite this overall safety history, medication errors in the perioperative setting persist and continue to pose a significant patient safety risk. It is hypothesized that anesthesia trainees are at highest risk of error due to lack of familiarity with the environment of care. Evidence-based learning modules with BodyExplorer™ will help nurse anesthesia students develop the skills necessary for medication administration in the OR environment and contribute to decreasing medication errors in clinical practice.


Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Sarah Miccolis

Institution: University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing

Type: Oral

Subject: Nursing

Status: Approved


Time and Location

Session: Oral 4
Date/Time: Thu 4:20pm-4:40pm
Location: Old North 211
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