Background: Immersive technologies, which include augmented, virtual, and mixed reality are increasingly accessible to educators. As a part of a larger study, we are interested in assessing the gaps that exist in current literature that have the potential to be filled by immersive technology.
Hypothesis: We will identify quantifiable gaps that exist in anatomical representation, diagnosis, and treatment complications related to tension pneumothorax in readily available medical research.
Methods: The literature search was split into three areas: training, diagnosing, and treatment complications of a tension pneumothorax. This began with completing relevant searches (searches that consisted of results that pertained to the main area being focused on) with search terms such as “Lung Anatomy”. Five key websites were used to identify resources specific to anatomy: Clinical Key, AccessMedicine, Khan Academy, Anatomy Applications, and graphics interchange format (GIFs). The total relevant results were counted and focused on to reflect what is currently available.
Results: Anatomy Training: We reviewed 133 hits using the broader search term “lung anatomy” from five resources. The two most useful sources were phone or computer applications and GIFs, animated short videos. Diagnosis: The literature search for diagnosing tension pneumothorax produced 122 relevant results. Treatment: We reviewed three sources to search for visual educational materials related to treatment complications of tension PTX. This produced 18 images, but none of the websites discussed potential mistakes.
Discussion: Our findings revealed that there are many gaps in medical education resources for anatomy training, diagnosing, and treatment complications of tension pneumothorax. These findings emphasize that other medical training media could be utilized to give medical students a more holistic experience when learning how to treat patients with tension pneumothorax. Augmented reality could be used to incorporate additional learning objectives, filling many of the gaps exposed in our literature review.