Revitalizing the Charm: Connecting Homelessness to Urbanization

Tyrik Grant, Zamila Karimi, Department of Architecture, Kennesaw State University - Marietta Campus, 1100 South Marietta Pkwy SE, Marietta, GA 30060

The city of Baltimore is known for its beautiful harbor, distinct neighborhoods, unique museums and the renowned Johns Hopkins Hospital. It is not Maryland’s capital, but it is Maryland’s biggest city and economic hub. The Inner Harbor, Baltimore biggest tourist attraction, is also one of America’s major import and export stations. However, it wasn’t always like this.

After World War II, the city lost so much in population and business it became as financially depressed as it had been during the Great Depression. Baltimore, in 1979, began urban renewal efforts that rank among the most ambitious in the United States. The downtown area has been revitalized, with special attention given to the Inner Harbor. New modern buildings with glass façades and updated materials replaced dilapidated warehouses. However, right outside of Downtown are distressed neighborhoods with broken down and unused homes with many homeless people, crime, infestations, etc. Baltimore has an estimated 20,000 - 40,000 vacant homes along its neighborhood streets (triple the amount in the 1980’s). The city’s homeless population is high, while also having a slow decline rate.

Being that there are such a large number of vacant homes, how does the homelessness population continue to increase, hindering social and economic development? This thesis will analyze statistics about vacant homes, homelessness, already-in-place revitalization efforts, and benefits to achieve the goal of making vacant homes into affordable housing. It will also analyze how architecture is used to provide low-income social development and integrate the residents back into society.

By achieving the goal of the project, it can begin to grow the exterior neighborhoods of Baltimore without depreciating the value of the Downtown area or gentrifying the middle-class areas.

Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Tyrik Grant

Institution: Kennesaw State University

Type: Poster

Subject: Architecture & Interior Design

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 1
Date/Time: Mon 1:30pm-2:30pm
Session Number: 2041