Analysis of the Synergistic Epidemic of Arboviruses and Coronavirus Disease in Brazil

Gabriela Jansen, Dr. Jimenez, Biology Department, Barry University, 11300 NE 2nd Ave, Miami Shores, FL - 33161

Arboviruses are diseases mainly transmitted by the mosquito Aedes Aegypti.Viruses that can be spread by these mosquitos cause Dengue fever, Chikungunya, and Zika infections. These diseases are prevalent in tropical areas where the mosquito strives. Brazil experienced the first outbreak of Dengue fever in 1986. Since then, the population continuously suffers from seasonal epidemics during the rainy season. Chikungunya fever and the Zika diseases emerged in Brazil in 2015. Consequently, reoccurrent epidemics of the three arboviruses became a serious concern for the Brazilian health system. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) initially registered in Brazil on February 26th, 2020. Subsequently, the numbers increased exponentially and Brazil continuos to have the third highest number of cases, behind only the United States and India. The emergence of the novel coronavirus coincided with the common epidemics of the other arboviruses. The concurrent infection of coronavirus and arboviruses in Brazil can pose a deadly threat to the population, in addition to a serious burden for the health system. The current research project is designed to analyze the trends of the ongoing synergistic epidemic of arboviruses and coronavirus disease to the Brazilian population, along with the socioeconomic impact on the country. The data has been obtained from Brazil’s Ministry of Health database from January 2018 to October 2020, including number of infections, number of deaths, gender and age. Comparisons will be made between each disease for the number of deaths and hospitalizations and total numbers of deaths due to arboviruses will be compared before and during COVID-19. Additionally, data on health care system burden before and after COVID-19 will be presented.

Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Gabriela Jansen

Institution: Barry University

Type: Poster

Subject: Biology

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 3
Date/Time: Mon 4:30pm-5:30pm
Session Number: 3066