A Spatial Analysis of Socio-economic Characteristics and COVID-19 Cases in California’s Counties

Alexandra Bohlin, Monica Haddad, Department of Community and Regional Planning, Iowa State University, College of Design, 715 Bissell Rd, Ames, IA 50011

The Coronavirus pandemic has severely affected people worldwide, but disparities for Black and Latino infections continue to increase with each day in the United States. To illustrate, data indicate that for coronavirus cases per 10,000 people, 73 are Latino, 62 are Black, and 23 are White in the U.S. Higher dependence on public transportation, small or multigenerational homes and front-line jobs put these races at higher risk of infection. Moreover, one study in Michigan found that while Black and Latino people only make up 20% of Kent County’s population, they account for 63% of infections, proving that disparities do not exist only in completely urban settings. Even though the state of California is not ranked very high among all American states, Imperial County, located in the southern part of the state, is currently one of the highest in the country, with 7,195 per 100,000 cases and 186 per 100,000 deaths. Within this context, this study will have two main objectives. First, it will explore the spatial distributions of several socio-economic variables, including race, and COVID-19 infection and death rates at the county level in the state of California. Second, it will focus on Imperial County and Riverside County, which is located to the north, but has only with 2,760 per 100,000 cases and 53 per 100,000 deaths. This intra-county focused analysis will bring more detailed variables in order to compare these two counties that even though are neighbors, have such a difference when it comes to Coronavirus cases. This study will provide information for planners in communities that have similar socio-economic makeup and can ultimately aid the livelihoods of the people who reside there, especially during situations like the current global crisis. Attention will be given to the fact the Imperial County is located in the US-Mexico border.

Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Alexandra Bohlin

Institution: Iowa State University

Type: Poster

Subject: Health & Human Development

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 7
Date/Time: Tue 3:30pm-4:30pm
Session Number: 5131