Melatonin and Its Effect on Athletic Performance

Lindsey Graham, Tyler Friefeld, Emma Boughner, Nick Black, Miranda Rudisill, Alex Barnes, and Dr. Kelly Massey, Georgia College & State University 231 W Hancock St Milledgeville, GA 31061

Melatonin is a common over-the-counter supplement that is used in order to boost sleep quality. Among the college population, it is common for these individuals to lack quality sleep, which causes many negative health effects. In this study, we assessed the interaction of melatonin and how it affected a participant’s morning workout exercise performance. This study aimed to identify any correlation between melatonin use and performance by having participants self-report on the effects with and without melatonin. During this process, all the individuals in our study chose a specific type of workout that corresponded to their specific fitness level, either walking for 30 minutes or running for 30 minutes.  All participants in the study were directed to continue the same exercise and diet on two separate occasions exactly one week apart with only one variable that differed: melatonin use the night before. After each bout of exercise the participant was instructed to complete an anonymous survey that collected data related to sex, age, exercise completed, as well as how the participant felt during and after the workout. These self-reported results were to identify physical exhaustion levels, changes with/without the use of melatonin, and any relationship between the different demographics tested. The results concluded that participants had a similar sleep schedule, a similar pre-exercise meal, the same exercise, and the use of melatonin the night before one of the workouts. The data showed many trends that would suggest that melatonin could negatively affect performance. As the mean reaction to state of mind preworkout and postworkout showed a higher outlook on a likert scale without the use of melatonin, though the analysis did not conclude significance.  There was a significant relationship between melatonin use and a decline in performance (p=0.044). 


Additional Abstract Information

Presenters: Emma Boughner, Tyler Friefeld, Lindsey Graham, Miranda Rudisill, Nick Black, Alex Barnes

Institution: Georgia College and State University

Type: Poster

Subject: Exercise Science & Nutrition

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 7
Date/Time: Tue 3:30pm-4:30pm
Session Number: 5037