The Effect of Well-Being Initiatives on Nursing Students’ Perceived Gratitude, Happiness, and Kindness

Joanne Cobos, Jennifer Wilson, DNP, RN, CPN, College of Nursing, Texas Woman's University, 5500 Southwestern Medical Avenue, Dallas, TX 75235

Purpose: to evaluate the effectiveness of course-implemented well-being activities on nursing students’ gratitude and happiness levels. Research Question: What is the difference in self-perceived levels of well-being, gratitude, happiness, and act of kindness among nursing students before and after completing well-being course activities over one semester? Background: The literature shows nursing students are susceptible to high stress levels and tend to neglect their well-being at higher rates than the general population. The adverse physical and mental effects of unmanaged stress can negatively impact academic and professional performance. Integrating strategies into nursing curricula that promote well-being, gratitude, happiness, and kindness can help nursing students gain professional stress-mitigating tools at the onset of their careers.  However, studies that explore the impact of course-based well-being interventions on gratitude, happiness, kindness and overall well-being in nursing students are limited. Methodology: Quantitative pre-post survey design. Nursing students completed the PERMA Profiler, Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ-6), Authentic Happiness Inventory, and recorded acts of kindness performed and witnessed before and after completing a series of well-being course activities over one semester. Results: There were statistically significant increases in all subscales of the PERMA and Happiness scores and performed acts of kindness between the beginning and end of the semester (p < .05) There was not a significant difference in gratitude scores or witnessed acts of kindness. Conclusion: The findings indicate that well-being course activities were effective in promoting nursing students’ overall well-being and happiness levels and performed acts of kindness. However, additional research is needed to explore other course strategies to promote gratitude and possible reasons gratitude scores did not significantly increase in this sample. This study’s findings support ongoing integration of well-being activities into nursing courses to promote well-being, happiness, and kindness to mitigate stress. Faculty can use these findings to make evidence-based curricular changes. 

Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Joanne Cobos

Institution: Texas Woman's University

Type: Poster

Subject: Nursing & Public Health

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 9
Date/Time: Wed 12:00pm-1:00pm
Session Number: 6072