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The effect of pandemic precautions on NFL ticket consumption

Caleb Garbuio & Dr. John Whitehead, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, 28608

The existing literature regarding the COVID-19 economic impact on professional sports is in its infancy. The purpose of this paper is to explore the effect of COVID-19 precautions on NFL ticket demand across five cities: Dallas, Miami, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco. We utilize data from an online survey that elicited self-reported willingness of surveyed respondents to attend games depending on mask and distancing guidelines. We examine the effects income, price, stadium capacity, and mask requirements have on game attendance and consumer surplus. Based on survey results, mask mandates have the highest impact for determining attendance and result in higher consumer surplus. Stadiums that increase their capacity and ticket price saw a decrease in consumer surplus and attendance, while higher consumer income results in greater  attendance. I apply this model assess the effect that social distancing guidelines and mask requirement have on attendance and consumer surplus for Dallas and Miami’s existing fan attendance policies. 




Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Caleb Garbuio

Institution: Appalachian State University

Type: Poster

Subject: Economics

Status: Approved


Time and Location

Session: Poster 5
Date/Time: Tue 12:30pm-1:30pm
Session Number: 4130