Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Emotion Regulation Efficacy: The Role of Interpersonal Trust and Anxiety

Lauren Kubic and Dr. Aleena Hay, Department of Psychology, Moravian College 1200 Main Street Bethlehem, PA 18018

Emotion regulation (ER), or how we manage our emotions, is an integral part of the human experience and has implications for our mental health. ER can occur in one of two ways: interpersonal emotion regulation (IER) is how we manage our emotions socially whereas intrapersonal emotion regulation (IAR) is how we manage our emotions on our own. Regulating our own and others’ emotions occurs daily, but what affects our use and effectiveness of different types of ER? The current study explores how the perceived trustworthiness of a partner affects the efficacy of different kinds of ER (intraindividual ER, receiving IER, and providing IER). Additionally, the study explores how baseline anxiety levels may differentially affect the efficacy of different kinds of ER. Participants in the study were “paired” with a confederate whom they believed was another participant. The description of the confederate was manipulated so that the confederate appeared either trustworthy or untrustworthy. Participants then completed four emotion tasks in which they were shown moderately negative images from the International Affective Picture System and are asked to (1) respond naturally, (2) provide a reappraisal for each picture to regulate their own emotions, (3) regulate their partner’s emotions by providing them with a reappraisal, and (4) receive a reappraisal from the confederate for four different sets of moderately negative images. Before and after each emotion task participants rated their current emotions via the Modified Differential Emotions Scale. Baseline trait anxiety was measured before the emotion tasks took place. Findings from the current study will be presented on the efficacies of different ER strategies and the role of trait anxiety. The results of the current study provide novel information on the effectiveness of different types of emotion regulation based on factors such as partner trustworthiness and trait anxiety.

Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Lauren Kubic

Institution: Moravian College

Type: Poster

Subject: Psychology

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 10
Date/Time: Wed 1:30pm-2:30pm
Session Number: 6659