Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome-Peer Training Using Nursing Students in Infant NAS Assessment

Samantha Yarnick, SNUPJ, Kaitlyn McKeel, SNUPJ, Bethany Paullet, SNUPJ, Haley Zoglmann, SNUPJ, Jennifer Thurheimer-Cacciotti, PhD, MEd, RN, School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh@Johnstown, 219 Nursing and Health Sciences Building, 450 School House Road, Johnstown Pa 15904

Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a medical condition occurring in infants from maternal drug exposure. Treatment for NAS is expensive so early identification and intervention is essential. Nurses can recognize early signs and symptoms of withdrawal in the newborn after receiving NAS training. University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown nursing students spend clinical time in the NICU setting with little focus on NAS assessment. Although NAS is discussed in maternal/neonatal lectures, allotted time for building NAS assessment skills has not been implemented. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine effective educational strategies for nursing students in caring for the NAS infant. Junior nursing students will observe a demonstrational DVD about NAS scoring along with a guided lecture about opioid addiction and the effects on the fetus during pregnancy. Students will complete the Finnegan Neonatal Scoring Tool (FNAST) after watching the DVD with practice exams using senior nursing students as peer trainers to guide their instruction. These students will also receive a NAS lecture from their instructor as a traditional method. A comparative analysis will be performed between the two instructional methods. It is anticipated that utilizing DVD instruction, and guided lectures, using peer trainers, will provide better educational outcomes and knowledge retention than traditional methods. 

Additional Abstract Information

Presenters: Kaitlyn McKeel, Bethany Paullett, Samantha Yarnick, Haley Zoglmann, Kaitlyn McKeel

Institution: University of Pittsburgh - Johnstown Campus

Type: Poster

Subject: Nursing & Public Health

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 9
Date/Time: Wed 12:00pm-1:00pm
Session Number: 6025