Creating a Novel Healthcare Delivery Model to Address Social and Health Disparities in Lexington, Kentucky

Humza Anwar, Carol Street, Special Collections Research Center, University of Kentucky, Margaret I. King Library University of Kentucky Libraries Lexington, KY 40506-0039

The contemporary Coronavirus pandemic has exposed vulnerabilities in the American healthcare system, particularly as it relates to minorities and indigent populations. While the current crisis highlights healthcare disparities today, these vulnerabilities have existed for a long time. The Hunter Foundation for Health Care (HFHC) was the first nonprofit health maintenance organization (HMO) developed in the state of Kentucky in the 1970s. The Foundation was created to address healthcare disparities for indigent populations within specific geographic areas of Lexington. These disparities included a lack of primary-care access, health insurance, and transportation for health services. The HFHC achieved its goals until it ceased operation in 1976. Utilizing the extensive and unprocessed Hunter Foundation for Health Care Records at the University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center as a guide, the goal of this project is to develop a novel health care delivery model by using the HFHC as a case-study for comparison. Today, there is inadequate research on identifying the state of indigent citizens with respect to healthcare delivery models. According to the U.S. Census Bureau in 2019, the poverty rate stood at 10.5% and as many as 26.1 million Americans reported not having any form of health insurance. These broad figures reflect an even deeper underlying issue in medium-sized cities, one that does not account for healthcare needs in specific areas facing disproportionate numbers of uninsured or impoverished citizens. In order to better understand these issues, census and geographic data will be used to identify areas in Lexington that lack adequate healthcare resources. This data will assist in demarcating areas of Lexington that face the greatest barriers to accessible and affordable healthcare outcomes. The findings of this model will provide valuable information on equitable healthcare delivery for poor and minority citizens.

Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Humza Anwar

Institution: University of Kentucky

Type: Poster

Subject: Nursing & Public Health

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 9
Date/Time: Wed 12:00pm-1:00pm
Session Number: 6043