The Global Drug Market’s Impact on Baltimore City

Lewis Laury, Jr., Alison McCartney, Political Science, Towson University 8000 York Road Towson, MD, 21252

For several decades, Western countries have bemoaned the increase in the use of illegal drugs, their adverse domestic social and economic impacts, and their connection to rising domestic and international crime. Since the events of 11 September 2001, the United States and its allies have battled the illegal drug trade emanating from Afghanistan and its connection to international terrorism.  At the cost of tens of thousands of lives on all sides of the conflict, many are now questioning whether or not the efforts to sever this connection have worked, whether non-military options have been effective, and the depth of impacts of the illegal drugs-crime-terrorism connection at home.   One cross-border effort, the Paris Pact, an initiative within the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), is composed of 58 partner countries and 23 organizations fighting against the illegal trafficking of opiates being produced in Afghanistan. Its Vienna Declaration, adopted after UNODC’s third ministerial conference, proposed four interconnected pillars in a collaborative effort to end illegal drug trafficking – (1)creating and reinforcing regional initiatives, (2)better tracking of financial support, (3)blocking trade of chemicals used in manufacturing illegal opiates in Afghanistan, and (4)decreasing drug abuse through a multi-pronged approach (UNODC 2019, Paris Pact Initiative). Through quantitative and qualitative analysis of government and international institution data, this study questions the impacts of UNODC pillars two and three on the drug trade in Baltimore City and the Greater Baltimore area. I hypothesize that the UNODC effectively blocks the flow of money linked to opiates in Afghanistan, but that it may concurrently lead to an increase in the production of easier to smuggle alternatives (e.g. fentanyl), directly hindering the third pillar.

Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Lewis Laury, Jr.

Institution: Towson University

Type: Poster

Subject: Political Science

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 10
Date/Time: Wed 1:30pm-2:30pm
Session Number: 6514