Experimental Investigation of Mask Usage on Preventing PM2.5 Related Diseases in the Cardiovascular System

Brianna Faul, Travis Huff, and Dr. Daniel Ewert, College of Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105 Lillian Brown and Peter Wahman, College of Engineering, Minnesota State University Mankato, Mankato, MN 56001 Davis Payne, 4 College of Engineering, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58203

Particulate matter PM2.5 in air pollution presents a great concern to the health of an individual, specifically within the cardiovascular system. When PM2.5 is inhaled, it can increase the likelihood of cardiovascular diseases. The goal of this project is to determine the effectiveness of face mask material in filtering PM2.5. Research on how PM2.5 affects the cardiovascular system has been performed, but there is minimal research on how face masks aid in reducing PM2.5 inhalation. Most research is focused on how PM2.5 affects the pulmonary system, but the number one cause of death from air pollution is ischemic heart disease (34% of deaths). Our team has designed an experiment apparatus using rats to test the effectiveness of face masks in filtering PM2.5. The experiment includes an enclosure containing rats that has one hole on both ends. One end where PM2.5 is pumped into the enclosure after passing through a barrier consisting of face mask material. The other end contains a vacuum which will create air flow within the enclosure. The project design will standardize the testing of face masks in preventing cardiovascular diseases caused by PM2.5.

Keywords: Particulate Matter PM2.5, cardiovascular system, face mask material

Additional Abstract Information

Presenters: Brianna Faul, Travis Huff, Lillian Brown, Davis Payne, Peter Wahman

Institution: North Dakota State University

Type: Poster

Subject: Engineering

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 6
Date/Time: Tue 2:00pm-3:00pm
Session Number: 4598