Perceived Parental Support: Does Maternal Depression and Motherhood Roles Matter?

Destyni Cravens, Malcolm Barker-Kamps, M.A., M.S., and Sylvie Mrug, Ph.D. Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1720 2nd Ave S Birmingham, AL 35294

Maternal role stress and depressive symptoms have been linked with adverse child outcomes, possibly by decreasing the support youth receive from their mothers (Raffaelli et al., 2013; Ulmer-Yaniv et al., 2017). However, little is known about the roles of maternal depression and perceptions of parental roles in child’s perceptions of parental social support during adolescence. The present study examined the prospective relationships between maternal depression symptoms, perceptions of parenting roles, and later perceived parental support during adolescence using data from Waves 1-3 of the Birmingham Youth Violence Study (n=387). Average ages at the 3 waves were 11.8, 13.2, and 17.74 years. The sample included 51% females and 82% African Americans, 17% Whites, and 1% others. Mother’s perceptions of their parental roles were measured in Wave 1 (age 11), maternal depression was measured in Wave 2 (age 13), and adolescents’ perceived parental support was measured in Wave 3 (age 18). Data analyses included correlations and a linear regression predicting perceived parental support from parental roles and maternal depression, adjusting for demographics. Correlations showed that adolescents’ perceived parental support was associated with more positive parental role perceptions (r = .11, p = .04). After adjusting for covariates, neither parental role perceptions nor maternal depression in early adolescence predicted later perceived parental support. The only significant predictors of perceived parental support were higher family income at Wave 2 (β = .16, p = .02) and younger age at Wave 3 (β = - .42, p = .04). These findings add to previous research on mothers’ competence with parental roles (Gribble et al., 1993), suggesting that their effects on youth perceptions of parental support do not generally persist throughout adolescence.  

Additional Abstract Information

Presenter: Destyni Cravens

Institution: University of Alabama at Birmingham

Type: Poster

Subject: Psychology

Status: Approved

Time and Location

Session: Poster 10
Date/Time: Wed 1:30pm-2:30pm
Session Number: 6568